Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases

Reducing emissions of greenhouse gases

The Principality of Monaco, conscious of the threats to future generations as a result of climate change, and concerned to meet its obligations under the Kyoto Protocol, is therefore committed to putting in place an energy policy that incorporates sustainable development objectives.

Under the Kyoto Protocol, Monaco has undertaken, between 2008 and 2012, to reduce its direct emissions of greenhouse gases by 8% as compared with 1990. Moreover, at the Copenhagen Climate Conference, H.S.H. the Sovereign Prince announced his desire to reduce the Principality's emissions by 30% in 2020 in comparison with 1990 and by 80% by 2050.

In addition, residual emissions must be offset, so the Principality of Monaco can become carbon neutral by 2050.

To this end, an Energy Climate Plan has been established in order to develop an exemplary energy policy that will allow these objectives to be achieved, or even surpassed. This Plan consists of three areas :

• controlling the demand for energy: improving energy efficiency and limiting consumption and peak demand;

• controlling local energy production: creating energy from municipal waste and developing renewable sources of energy;

• reducing greenhouse gas emissions: direct emissions (Kyoto) and indirect emissions (electricity, travel).

For each area, technical, regulatory, financial and awareness-raising activities are being carried out in the fields of: land use, the State's property assets (old and new buildings), private buildings (new and old) and energy supply.

Source: Directorate of Environmental Affairs, Monaco

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