Since the beginning of his reign, HSH
Prince Albert II of Monaco has rolled out a pro-active sustainable development
policy on both a national and international scale.
The policy primarily covers biodiversity, resource
management and greenhouse gas reduction.
HSH Prince Albert II has pledged that the
Principality of Monaco will have halved its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 (compared
to 1990 figures) and renewed his commitment to achieving carbon neutrality by 2050,
in addition to his many other initiatives aimed at putting consideration for
our oceans at the heart of climate change discussions. Sources/more information
our natural resources
Managing the Principality's resources is
central to government policy. The Department for the Environment is setting
up programmes for inventorying and tracking marine and land species.
The Principality is working to protect the
marine environment, and all of its territorial waters are part of the Pelagos
Two marine reserves have been set up in
The first spans 50 hectares in Le Larvotto
and was established in the 1970s. It is home to a Posidonia sea grass bed, pearl
oysters and dusky groupers. The second was founded in 1986 on the
Spélugues seabed. Its red coral population is a special feature.
Back on land, the Principality is home to 880
plant species, including 18 heritage species. Various studies have enabled
researchers to inventory the flora and fauna here and to discover a number of
rare species of insects and invertebrates. The Rock of Monaco provides a safe
haven for a couple of peregrine falcons and their chicks. The Department for Urban Planning is
responsible for implementing a preservation policy that covers trees and some
species of plants. The department also wrote the Tree Code, a document that
reasserts the importance and benefits of ensuring trees feature in our cities, and
provides an inventory of the Principality's trees. Sources/more information
1) Monitoring Air Quality
An automated network of five standard
stations were set up across the Principality over 20 years ago now with a view
to ensuring comfort and avoiding human health and environmental hazards. These
stations provide continuous surveillance, either automatically or via sampling,
followed by lab analysis. The Department for the Environment handles all these
measures, which are then submitted to AtmoSud (a Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur
certified expert) for approval.
Monitoring is in place for the following
- Carbon monoxide (Co)
- Nitrogen oxides (NOx)
- Sulphur dioxide (SO2)
- Ozone (O3)
- Fine particles
Surveillance measures have been heightened
with the uploading of an Air Quality Index (AQI) to the Government's onlineportal. Air quality is expressed via an overall index ranging from 0 (very good)
to 100 (alert threshold), calculated using data collected from the five air
quality measuring stations operated by the Department for the Environment.
Next-day AQI forecasts are also estimated
based on weather forecasts.
2) Monitoring Coastal Water Quality
The Principality monitors physical and
chemical quality for coastal waters based on measurements taken from across
various marine environment components (bodies of water, sediment and living
organisms), and on awareness of activities and natural and anthropogenic
factors likely to impact on quality levels in the marine environment.
The Principality takes a sustainable
approach to water and waste management. Monaco has two water supply sources: locally-produced
water from sources located in the eastern part of the Principality, and
imported water taken from sources in the east, extracted from the La Roya
groundwater, and a primary resource in the west, extracted from the Var river
basin. Water efficiency and cutting water
consumption remain central to effectively and sustainably managing this
resource. Excessively high levels of water consumption put pressure on
freshwater reserves, particularly in an urban context. Careful consumption
relieves pressure on our ecosystem and preserves the lifespans of existing
reserves and water treatment plants. Over the past few years, growing awareness
of this fact among the Principality's households, businesses and public bodies
have ensured a significant decrease in the amount of water consumed in Monaco. Sources/more information
Waste sorting measures are in place, and
are bolstered by a pro-active awareness-building policy. www.sma.mc/
With respect to energy, the Government's
environmental policy aims to uphold the Principality's pledges and commitments,
in particular to the Kyoto Protocol. In order to meet the Kyoto Protocol's
requirements, Monaco aims to improve energy efficiency by 20% and source 20% of
final energy from renewable sources by 2020.
The Energy Climate Plan has been
implemented to fight climate change and adapt the region to these changes as
part of a long-term commitment to sustainable development. For more information
The Principality of Monaco has committed to
halving greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 (compared to 1990 figures).
To meet this objective, an Energy
Transition Unit was set up and aims to target the three sectors most
responsible for greenhouse gas emissions in Monaco: road transport, waste
processing and building energy use. The Unit also oversees the national eco
fund aimed at funding major projects.
Having drafted the white paper that served
as a roadmap for the process, the Energy Transition Unit is now working on
developing renewable energies in Monaco (solar energy, ocean thermal energy, geothermal
An Energy Transition Pact has also been
kick-started alongside this, allowing all stakeholders, public and private, to
get involved in voluntary and mandatory initiatives set up to reduce greenhouse
gas emissions. For more information
a Responsible Tourism Destination
The tourism sector in Monaco is adhering to
the environmentally-friendly policy upheld by the Government of Monaco. All
those involved are committed to creating a new, more responsible brand of
tourism and are putting solutions in place to optimise resource management.
The destination and its partners are
working hard to protect and preserve water resources and biodiversity and lead
the way in the fight against global warming.
As an example, most of Monaco's hotels
boast environmental certification and soft mobility is being promoted thanks to
an expanded public transport network and efficient, inter-modal transport
solutions. Awareness-building initiatives are regularly launched, based on key
themes such as recycling, cutting back on food waste, protecting biodiversity, etc.